The Mystery of the Ancient World Maps

Gösta Lindwall, October 8, 2021

Human history is full of interesting mysteries. One such mystery is the anomalous world maps from the 15th and 16th centuries.

The following video presents an illustrated summary of this subject (click image to watch):

Video: The Mystery of the Ancient World Maps

The question is, how did the early map makers know what the world looked like?

For example, how can it be that the world maps by Oronce Finé (1531) and Gerardus Mercator (1569) show the North Pole free of ice? (High resolution version of the Mercator world map from 1569 - file size 20 MB.)

The North Pole was first officially reached in 1926, when the airship “Norge” flew over the pole with Roald Amundsen and his crew onboard.

Mercator invented the map projection commonly used today, but he did not travel much himself. He based his maps on various source maps that he obtained. His library consisted of over one thousand books and maps.

So who created the source maps Mercator and others based their work on? When and where might these maps have been created in the first place?

A major reason map making was difficult for the early world explorers was that they could not determine the longitude while at sea and after arriving to new continents. To know the longitude, the time for a known reference location is needed, and they had no method for obtaining this.

The longitude is the East–West direction on a map. The other one is the latitude, which goes in the North–South direction. Both of these are needed to establish one's position on the globe.

How to get the latitude was well-known since ancient times. The North–South location could be determined by observing celestial bodies, such as the Pole Star. But calculating the accurate longitude was not possible until mid-1750.

Around 1752–1753, John Harrison finalized a design he had been working on for 30 years. Harrison was a self-educated English carpenter and clockmaker. He invented the marine chronometer, a timepiece that was capable of tracking the correct time at sea. This invention revolutionized navigation, and made accurate navigation at sea out of sight of land possible.

With the help of the chronometer, the longitude could be accurately calculated. For the first time in history, precise map making became possible.

But what about the makers of the alleged early source maps? Did there exist some method for determining the latitude far earlier in human history?

Might it be that the global “Mother Civilization”, claimed to have existed 13,000 years ago, had such knowledge? What might this civilization have used for navigation when sailing across the vast oceans? Did this knowledge become lost in the apocalyptic event at the onset of the Younger Dryas, or is it to be found somewhere?

This article has also been posted in the Facebook Group Forbidden Archaeology and other Mysteries.

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